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Sidearm, Military, Sword, Blade, Latin Europe
A falchion is single edged cutting sword with a very broad blade and an iron pommel for a counterweight. It may or may not have a point on the end. The falchion is similar to a messer (the two weapon types do overlap somewhat) but there are a few key differences. Falchions tend to have a broader, thinner, heavier blade with a center of percussion nearer to the point (like a cleaver), making them devastating choppers but not quite as nimble for fencing. Most falchions have an iron pommel, and typically at least a partial cross-guard, though unlike messers, they do not feature a nagel. In medieval art one sees falchions typically used with shields or as a sidearm. They do not appear in the fencing manuals and may have been more of a military than a civilian weapon. This is not a hard and fast rule though, some falchions are surprisingly light. Over time falchions got smaller and acquired additional hand protection until they became nearly indistinguishable from a cutlass (see Cutlass) another type being the storta (see Falchion,short).
Falchion, Czech 1420
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